Heart Surgery Expert By Kewal Krishan

Heart Surgery Expert By Kewal Krishan

Kewal Krishan

Heart surgery is done to correct problems with the heart of the human body. Many of heart surgeries are done by heart surgeons in India each year for various heart problems. Heart surgery can be used for both the children and the adults. This heart surgery in India for adults is more common than children. The most common type of heart surgery for adults that is done by the heart transplant in india is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). During the CABG surgery, a healthy artery or vein from the human body is connected, or can be grafted, to the blocked coronary (heart) that is artery. The grafted artery or the vein bypasses that is, goes around the blocked portion of that coronary artery of the person. This creates a new path for the oxygen-rich blood to flow through the heart muscle. The surgery of CABG can relieve the chest pain and may lower their risk of having a heart attack.

Heart surgeons also use heart surgery to repair or replace heart valves, which control blood flow through the heart; repair the abnormal or damaged structures in the heart; implant the medical devices in the human body that help to control the heartbeat or support the heart function and blood flow or replace a damaged heart with a healthy heart from a donor. Heart surgery which was done in earlier times i.e. traditionally is often called as open-heart surgery that is done by opening the chest wall of the person to operate on the heart.

The first step that the heart surgeon do is that they cut through the patient’s breastbone (or the upper part of it) to open the chest of a person. Once the heart of the person is exposed, the patient’s body is connected to the heart-lung bypass machine for the surgery. The machine takes place over the heart’s pumping action and also moves the blood away from the heart. This allows also the heart surgeon to operate on a heart of person that isn’t beating and that doesn’t have any blood flowing through their veins. There is one another type of heart surgery is called off-pump, or the beating heart surgery. It is also like the traditional open-heart surgery because the chest bone of the person is opened to access to the heart.

However, the heart of the person isn’t stopped, and the heart-lung bypass machine isn’t used for the surgery. It can be said that off-pump heart surgery is only limited to the CABG. The heart surgeons can now make the small incisions (cuts) between the ribs of the person to do some types of the heart surgery. The breastbone of the person is not opened to reach the heart of the person. This surgery is called as the minimally invasive heart surgery. This type of the heart surgery may or may not be used as a heart-lung bypass machine.

The newer methods of doing heart surgery such as off-pump surgery and minimally invasive surgery may reduce the risks and also speed up the recovery time of person. There are many studies that are under the way to compare these types of heart surgery with the traditional open-heart surgery. The results of these ongoing studies will definitely help the doctors to decide which is the best surgery to use for each kind of patient.

The results after the heart surgery in adults is completed are often excellent. The benefits of heart surgery can be that it reduces the symptoms, improve the quality of life of a person, and also improves the chances of survival.

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