Gum disease happens to be the inflammation of the gumline that can progress to affect the bone surrounding and supporting the teeth. Though gum disease is not often spoken about, but it is a very prevalent ailment.
In fact, most people above the age of 35 years are affected by gum disease. There are three stages of gum disease – advanced periodontitis, periodontitis and gingivitis from the most severe to the mildest one.
But it comes with the very serious health consequences like respiratory ailments, heart disease, stroke, complications with diabetes and even premature birth. That is why it is very important to take note of the red flags or warning signs that can make you aware of the fact that a “silent disease’ has already inflicted upon you.
If you notice one or more of these signs do not forget to consult with the dentist right away. Just read on.
- Inflamed Gums – Gingivitis can make your gum tissues to become irritated and swollen. Under certain circumstances, your gums can also become painful and tender. Your gums may also have areas where instead of the normal pink shade they appear red. Practising poor oral hygiene results in the plaque build-up in between the teeth. The overgrowth of bacteria is associated with plaque which in turn leads to the irritation of the gums.
- Bleeding Gums – Your gums should not bleed when you floss or brush or have hard foods. Hence if you are noticing blood on the gumline at the time of eating or flossing there is a high chance that there is bacteria build-up in the gumline giving rise to gingivitis. Gingivitis is said to be the earliest stage of gum disease and should not be ignored. So, you must ensure that you visit the dentist then and there and do not procrastinate it for later.
- Receding Gums – The receding gums or the long teeth are caused by the pockets of bacteria that are formed in between the gums and the teeth. These bacteria colonies under the gumline cause the gums to recede from the teeth as a result of which your teeth appear to be elongated. With the advanced form of gum disease this symptom gets more pronounced. It is much more milder during the stage of gingivitis. Sensitive teeth are often the first symptom of gingivitis. A notch can also be felt near the gumline in some cases.
- Persistent Bad Breath – The halitosis or bad breath is another symptom of gum ailment. This happens because the bacteria that cause odour, multiply in the unhealthy gums. So, if you feel that your breath has a persistent odour that does not disappear or there is continuous bad taste in the mouth you must get yourself checked by the dentist to know if that is the result of the ailment.
- Swollen or Tender Gums Where Puss Can Appear – If you notice that the gums become swollen, inflamed or painful it is the red flag or the alarm bell that you should pay heed to. The inflammation of the gums occurs when the gums are trying to eject harmful bacteria that are giving rise to infection. This type of redness and swallowing can destroy the bones and the gums. If left untreated it can also cause consequent loss of tooth. A severe warning sign of gingivitis is that puss appears between the gums and the teeth. The appearance of this fluid can cause the swelling of gums that can create painful pressure on the gums and the teeth. An infection in the region between the gums and the teeth results in this yellow thick fluid. In some very severe condition this may indicate something very serious like a periodontal or gum abscess.
The above are some warning signs of gingivitis that you should be aware of. Being aware and getting treated will not only save you from the extra trouble of the disease getting severe but also save on your pocket as you can avoid the investments like paying for the root canal, implant or tooth filling cost that become inevitable if you don’t look after your oral health properly starting from the day your first tooth appears.